The Rakai Health Sciences Program (RHSP) was established in 1987 as a collaboration between researchers at Makerere, Columbia and John Hopkins Universities, the Division of Intramural Research at the National Institutes of Allergy & Infectious diseases and the International Centre for Excellence Research (ICER).
This was as a result of the first identification of clinical AIDS in Rakai district Uganda in 1982 by Drs. Nelson Sewankambo and David Serwadda.
Currently Rakai Health Sciences Program is both a research and service organisation with operations in over 12 districts in the greater Masaka Region including but limited to Mpigi, Kyotera, Masaka, Bukomansimbi, Lyantonde, Sembabule and Rakai.
The Program services and research studies include provision of ARV, Male Circumcision, Health Education, Pharmacy, Clinical Services and Rakai Community Study Cohort. ETT and Stylish Campaign respectively.