The main migration challenges facing Georgia are: high outward migration motivated by the lack of economic opportunities at home; development of the country’s migration management system; reintegration of returnees; challenges to capture the scale and scope of remittance flows sent by labour migrants; fostering links between migration and development; continued engagement on the issue of trafficking in persons; internal displacement issues and disaster risk reduction.
IOM is assisting the government in addressing some of these migration challenges by means of a number of capacity building and technical assistance initiatives, including supporting the Georgian government to meet its commitments vis-à-vis the European Union in the field of migration. Return assistance for reintegration is provided to migrants coming back to Georgia from a number of European countries. IOM’s counter-trafficking engagement in Georgia covers all aspects, including prevention and victim assistance. IOM is also working on tackling migration at the grassroots level through its job counselling and placement centres operational nationwide to assist returning migrants, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and potential migrants to address the root causes of migration and improve their employment prospects. IOM is active in the area of migration and development contributing towards forging links between migration and development through several initiatives.