As countries face critical choices in their energy strategies, amid heightened geopolitical tension and a rapidly warming climate, governments must ensure that energy security policies are compatible with net-zero scenarios mapped out by the International Energy Agency (IEA) or the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
As confirmed by the latest IPCC Working Group III report on climate solutions, the world is still heading for an excess of fossil fuel-based energy use that will vastly exceed the carbon budget needed to meet the 1.5C Paris Agreement goal. This trend must be halted.
Choices made by policymakers now must not delay the longer-term adjustments that are needed for energy markets and infrastructure to align with the Paris Agreement and reach net-zero emissions, by 2050 at the latest.
Specifically, the development of new fossil fuel reserves will create lock-ins and stranded assets at an enormous opportunity cost. Among other things, governments must now rule out locking in long-term fossil fuel subsidies, which run contrary to net-zero policies and exacerbate market distortions.
In the short term, using all available energy resources – including the immediate scaling of energy efficiency – to diversify the energy supply must be a top priority for many countries, especially in Europe. In the medium to longer term, the national security argument for accelerating the net-zero transition has strengthened considerably.
The only approach that can and will lead to long-term energy security is a massive scaling of low- and zero-carbon technologies – including new, breakthrough technologies – and infrastructure.
With the IPCC noting “sustained decreases” over the last decade in the unit costs of solar energy (85%), wind energy (55%), and lithium-ion batteries (85%), these are viable steps towards energy system resilience, a greener economy, the provision of green jobs, and the protection of businesses and consumers against future price spikes in oil and gas.
”We echo the call by the UN Secretary-General António Guterres to ramp up finance to help countries adapt to rising temperatures. Here, the Net-Zero Asset Owner Alliance’s work on combining and scaling public-private finance and its call to action for asset managers to collaborate on catalyzing appropriate blended financial vehicles is supportive of the transition to a fairer net-zero world”.
UNEP will continue to engage with society to invest in climate change mitigation, adaptation, and clean technologies to ensure a just transition at an unprecedented scale. This year, the Alliance is will be publishing a position paper to consider the implications of energy insecurity and net-zero emissions for the oil and gas sectors, following up on the publication of a position on thermal coal in 2020.