To address the impacts of the war in Ukraine on the global agricultural sector, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has launched a new $17 million project to help Ukrainian farmers save the upcoming harvest in July-August while ensuring the export of critical agricultural goods to international markets.
Funded by Japan and implemented jointly with the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine, the project aims to restore grain storage capacity and functionality of supply chains from harvest to export as well as maintain the productive capacity of Ukrainian farmers to enable continued future production.
“Ukraine’s farmers are feeding themselves, their communities, and millions more people around the world. Ensuring they can continue production, safely store and access alternative markets to sell their produce is vital to secure food availability, protect livelihoods, strengthen food security within Ukraine and ensure other import-dependent countries have a steady and sufficient supply of grain at a manageable cost,” said Rein Paulsen, Director of the FAO Office of Emergencies and Resilience.
Ukraine is one of the top-five global grain exporters, supplying more than 45 million tonnes of grain yearly to the global market. According to the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine, due to the blockage of Black Sea ports, the country still has 18 million tonnes of last year’s cereals and oilseeds harvested in stores waiting for export. Alternative rail and river routes cannot make up for the lost exports through maritime transportation and bottlenecks along new, potential supply chains that have yet to be resolved.
This season Ukraine is expecting to harvest up to 60 million tonnes of grain. But the lack of export does not allow for the opening of available storage space for the new harvest, since 30 percent of the available capacity of granaries still remains filled with last year’s harvest.
“Within the new Japan-funded project, FAO will address storage deficit by providing the polyethylene grain sleeves, grain loading and unloading machinery to the smallholders, and a variety of modular storage containers to the medium-sized producers and associations. Support will be provided to the farmers from ten oblasts of Ukraine: in the east, center, south, and north of the country,” said Pierre Vauthier, Head of FAO Ukraine Country Office.
In addition, the project will provide technical support to the Government to operationalize alternative transport routes for grain export and foster the rapid expansion of the technical capacity of the Izmail laboratory. The facility will enable farmers to meet international standards including veterinary and food safety testing and certification.
FAO’s ongoing support of Ukraine
FAO has been operating in Ukraine since 2003 and since 2015 focused its activities on emergency support and development projects.
Following the start of the war, the Organization has developed and updated its Rapid Response Plan, calling for $115.4 million in funding to provide support to almost 980 000 small farmers and medium-sized producers through December 2022.
As of 29 June, FAO has already supported over 75 000 people with emergency agricultural support including distribution of seed potatoes and vegetable seeds and multipurpose cash assistance. An additional 44 000 people will be supported in the coming weeks to produce vegetables, cereal crops, milk, meat, and eggs to feed themselves.
This is the second time Japan has contributed to funding FAO’s Humanitarian Response Programme in Ukraine followed by its first contribution in April 2022, adding up to a total of $20 million.
To date, with the additional funds from Japan, FAO has raised $30.4 million. The financial support has been also provided by Australia, Belgium, the CERF Rapid Response, the European Union, France, the Louis Dreyfus Foundation, Ukraine Humanitarian Fund, and USAID’s Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA). With more contributions, FAO would be able to reach more people to bolster food production and improve the food security situation in the country.
Facts and figures:
- In 2021, 36 out of 55 countries with food crises depended on Ukraine and Russian exports for more than 10 percent of their total wheat imports, while some obtained almost the entirety of their wheat imports from Ukraine and the Russian Federation.
- According to the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, export volumes for grains are normally at 6 million tonnes per month, whereas in 2022, only 322 000 tonnes in March, 970 000 tonnes in April, 1.2 million tonnes in May, and over 1 million tonnes in June have been exported.
- According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, as of 1 January 2022, the total storage capacity in the country was 75 million tonnes. Considering areas directly affected by war, only 60.9 million tonnes of storage capacity are currently available.
- As of 2 June, 14.2 million ha have been planted with spring crops – 19.4 percent less than last year, according to the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine
- Some 25 percent of crop producers lack the plant protection products they require.
- Household and commercial producers cannot access sufficient fuel for agricultural production and transportation. This lack of fuel availability may affect the July/August harvest of winter crops.
- Agricultural input prices are spiking, with an average increase of 40–45 percent in the price of seed, plant protection agents, fertilizers, and fuel. In the upcoming seasons, producers may determine that standing crops are not profitable to harvest.