On the International Day for victims of acts of violence based on religion or belief, commemorated the UN chief reiterated his staunch support for those who have suffered.
During the day set aside to honor the victims who have lost their lives or suffered for exercising their fundamental rights to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion or belief, Secretary-General António Guterres issued a statement standing in “firm solidarity”.
“Hate speech, online or offline, continues to fuel violence against vulnerable members of society, including ethnic and religious minorities,” he warned.
‘We must do more’
Despite the General Assembly’s resolution in 2019 to officially observe the day, “persons and communities worldwide continue to face intolerance and violence based on religion or belief,” the top UN official said.
“We must do more to support victims and examine the conditions that drive intolerance and hate. Initiatives like my Call to Action for Human Rights and the UN Strategy and Plan of Action on Hate Speech are tools that can be used to address these complex and pressing issues”, he added.
Onus on States
States have the responsibility to prevent and address discrimination and violence inflicted in the name of religion or belief, reminded Mr. Guterres. He outlined that this must be done through “comprehensive policies” that promote inclusion, diversity, tolerance, and interfaith and intercultural dialogue.
Moreover, the UN chief cautioned that human rights violations perpetrated in the name of religion or belief must be investigated and punished, and “effective reparations need to be provided to victims, in compliance with international human rights law”.
“It is essential that all States, faith leaders, and other influential actors condemn all incitement to hatred and violence based on religion or belief. Only a collective, inclusive, and society-wide effort can result in safe co-existence for all and end this blight on our societies”, spelled out the Secretary-General.
#NoToHate: Everyone has right to live in dignity/safety regardless of faith. On Intl Day Commemorating Victims of Violence based on Religion/Belief, learn how #hatespeech operates, why minorities are targeted & how to recognise & stand up to it #Faith4Rights #ALLIn4MinorityRights pic.twitter.com/a3CSsVisdn
— UN Human Rights (@UNHumanRights) August 22, 2022
Freedom of religion
Freedom of religion or belief, opinion, and expression as well as the right to peaceful assembly and freedom of association, is enshrined in three articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Upholding these interdependent, interrelated, and mutually reinforcing rights play an important role in fighting against all forms of belief-based intolerance and discrimination, according to the United Nations.
Furthermore, open, constructive, and respectful debates along with interfaith and intercultural dialogue at local, national, regional, and international levels can play a positive role in combating religious hatred, incitement, and violence.
Together, these freedoms and respect can play help strengthen democracy and combat religious intolerance.
‘Cynical abuse’ of religion
Meanwhile, UN-appointed independent human rights experts and senior UN officials argued to condemn the “cynical abuse” of religion as a tool of discrimination, hostility, and violence or belief and reminded that the 1981 Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination offered protection to these individuals.
“Regrettably, we see these standards flouted with impunity in every corner of the world through an alarming number and severity of violations, many targeting persons belonging to religious or belief minorities,” they said.
Respect human rights
They also condemned targeting individuals, in the name of religion, referring to the practices as a “tool of discrimination, hostility, and violence”.
Online and offline hate speech that takes the form of intolerance, discrimination, and violence against individuals on the basis of religion or belief “should be addressed and countered”, they underscored.
“In commemorating this significant UN day, we urge States to redouble efforts to provide redress to victims of acts of violence based on religion or belief,” the statement continued, urging for “constructive steps that hollow out the efforts of State or non-State actors” carrying out acts of intolerance and violence based on religion or in the name of belief.
The statement concluded by stressing the importance of “working together” to advance respect for human rights, dialogue, understanding, and peace.