As humanitarian needs continue to rise globally, the EU maintains its commitment to support those in need by adopting its initial annual humanitarian budget of €1.7 billion for 2023. Human-induced humanitarian crises, resulting from wars with often widespread violations of international humanitarian law, conflicts, or outbreaks of violence are the main source of humanitarian needs in the world.
The EU’s humanitarian assistance helps millions of vulnerable people, including forcibly displaced people or trapped populations, as well as host communities. The needs resulting from such crises are often further exacerbated by disasters triggered by natural hazards, such as drought or floods, fuelled by climate change.
EU humanitarian aid in 2023 will be allocated as follows:
- €207.8 million will be directed to Southeast Europe and the European Neighbourhood addressing mostly the consequences of Russia’s war of aggression in Ukraine, as well as funding projects for ongoing needs in the Western Balkans, the Caucasus, and the effects of Syria crisis in Turkey.
- €181.5 million will support those affected by placed by conflict, insecurity, forced displacement, and climate shocks in the Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger), the Central African Republic, and the Lake Chad basin (Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria), which result in large-scale displacement, disruption of livelihoods and lack of access to basic services.
- €330.7 million go to programs in East and Southern Africa to address the needs of the people affected by long-term conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo and those displaced by climate change and armed conflicts in Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda, and the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya).
- €382.2 million of EU humanitarian funding will be allocated in the Middle East and North Africa to address the ongoing regional crisis in Yemen, Syria, and its neighboring countries, as well as the critical situation of the Sahrawi refugees.
- €237 million in humanitarian assistance will help the most vulnerable populations in Asia and Latin America. In Asia, the funding will address the Afghanistan and Rohingya crises (Bangladesh and Myanmar) as well as the impact of climate change in the region. In Latin America and the Caribbean the EU will continue its support on the impact of the crisis in Venezuela, the humanitarian consequences of the armed conflicts in Colombia as well as pervasive violence in Haiti, Central America, and Mexico.
- €141.5 million will be used to answer sudden onset emergencies in 2023
- €122 million are reserved for unforeseen humanitarian crises that can arise throughout the year.
- €108.2 million will be committed to horizontal activities, innovative projects, and policy initiatives.
Since climate change is increasing communities’ vulnerability to humanitarian crises, funding will also those in disaster-prone countries to prepare better for various natural hazards, such as floods, forest fires, earthquakes, and cyclones.