Sustained by steady growth, over the past two decades Tanzania has made significant progress in economic, social and human development. This, however, has not benefited all sectors of society and inequality has widened.
Although the country currently produces enough food to feed its population, the poorest and most marginalized families – including refugees – have limited access to it. The agricultural sector – largely dominated by smallholder farming – accounts for one quarter of the national GDP, but production is stagnant, while the population is expected to double by 2050. The effects of climate change are deepening the vulnerability of agriculture to disasters.