Sudan remains a least-developed country and a low-income food-deficit country. In the 2013 Humanitarian Development Index it is ranked 171 out of 187 countries. Sudan’s oil-dependent economy was severely weakened when it lost 75 percent of its oil revenue following the separation of South Sudan in July 2011. The country’s economy shrank by 4.4 percent in 2012 and it is projected to grow by a mere 1.2 percent in 2013. A continued economic decline would affect the food security of many people throughout Sudan.
Despite a good harvest in 2012 in areas where WFP operates, food security remains fragile and is threatened by a combination of conflict, insecurity and high food prices.
The on-going conflict in Darfur – now into its tenth year – has caused humanitarian needs in this region to be alarmingly high. An estimated 2.9 million conflict-affected people in Darfur, at least half of whom are displaced, will need food assistance.