The Plurinational State of Bolivia has a population of 10 million regular citizens and approximately 1.6 million emigrants. Migration is an important issue in this Andean country, and there are currently efforts underway to establish a law of migration that will serve as a basis for the implementation of a policy to meet the needs of foreigners in the Plurinational State of Bolivia and Bolivians living abroad. In addition, because of the huge socioeconomic gap between the rich and the poor, migrants are highly vulnerable to human trafficking and labour exploitation.
The migratory process in the Plurinational State of Bolivia continues to be an issue that links the actions of the Government and the work of different civil society actors and NGOs. This work is reflected by the recent passage of the Human Rights Action Plan, which establishes a framework for the development of public policy on migratory issues with specific activities included to meet the needs of migrants.