Burundi has one of the highest population densities among the world’s poorest countries and has witnessed substantial civil conflicts. This resulted in large migration flows between 1960 and 2000, particularly from the 1972 and 1993 conflicts.
Internally displaced persons (IDPs) were settled in sites established for them, while other people fled to neighbouring countries and were mainly settled in refugee camps. While Tanzania hosted the majority, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo were also the destinations of Burundians seeking international protection. Another part of the Burundian Diaspora was since hosted in some countries in Europe and North America.